“The Feast of Tabernacles (Booths)” Sunday School Lesson, Leviticus 23:33-43, February 28, 2016

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February 28, 2016

“The Feast of Tabernacles (Booths)”

Leviticus 23:33-43

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Please Note: All lesson verses and titles are based on International Sunday School Lesson/Uniform Series ©2010 by the Lesson Committee, but all content/commentary written within is original to wordforlifesays.com unless properly quoted/cited. You are always encouraged to do your own personal studies as well.  God bless you!

Introduction:

Though there are many feasts and celebrations that take place in the Jewish calendar, this lesson marks an end of the mandatory feasts of God; the feasts which He proclaimed as “holy convocations” and required all males be in attendance in Jerusalem.

We have studied throughout these lessons of special gatherings the two previous feasts The Passover, and The feast of Weeks (the other mandatory feasts). We have also studied the reverence given to The Day of Atonement. Now, we enter into a season of rejoicing and celebration once again where the people remember not only God’s deliverance from Egypt, but how He kept them through it all.

The Feast of Tabernacles, as our lesson will show, was not just about the offerings presented before the Lord, but through demonstration they reenacted the process of their living and their shelters as a memorial before God for keeping them through the journey of the wilderness wanderings. Also, it too is a celebration of the harvest and God’s bountiful blessings; ergo it is also called The Feast of Ingathering as noted in Exodus 23:16.

Some things in this lesson may seem repetitive as far as requirements goes, others will stand out as being original and only done during this particular feast.

Leviticus 23:33-34

33) “And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,

34)   Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, The fifteenth day of this seventh month shall be the feast of tabernacles for seven days unto the LORD.”

Last week’s lesson referencing The Day of Atonement occurred on the tenth day of the seventh month.  Five days later and it was now not only the final harvest of the season they were reaping, but they were reaping rejoicing in remembering the journey God had brought them through.

As noted in previous lessons, we see here that when God spoke to Moses He was identifying this as a God-ordained feast. Referencing a former text coming from The Feast of Weeks, we read:

 “Leviticus 23 opens with God speaking to Moses, saying, “Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, Concerning the feasts of the LORD, which ye shall proclaim to be holy convocations, even these are my feasts,” (vs. 2). Here, right at the beginning of this chapter we see that the feasts are God-ordained. He calls them “my feasts” and wants these special festivities to be set aside from other days, in commemoration of some point of their relationship with Him.” (Word For Life Says)

The feast of study today falls under the same category. One difference we may readily identify between this and some of the others was “the feast of tabernacles” shall be celebrated for “seven days unto the LORD” (the fifteenth day to the twenty-first day of this seventh month called Tishrei or Tishri which occurs during Autumn, September or October, depending on the calendar cycle).

Leviticus 23:35-38

35) “On the first day shall be an holy convocation: ye shall do no servile work therein.

36) Seven days ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD: on the eighth day shall be an holy convocation unto you; and ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD: it is a solemn assembly; and ye shall do no servile work therein.

37) These are the feasts of the LORD, which ye shall proclaim to be holy convocations, to offer and offering made by fire unto the LORD, a burnt offering, and a meat offering, a sacrifice, and drink offerings, every thing upon his day:

38)   Beside the Sabbaths of the LORD, and beside your gifts, and beside all your vows, and beside all your freewill offerings, which ye give unto the LORD.”

Although the feast itself is quoted above as being “seven days” we see here that the day after that, or the “eighth day,” God instituted another day that was considered to be a “holy convocation.” As a matter of fact, the “first day” and the “eighth day” were both holy convocations in which it was to be respected as sacred from the rest wherein no work could be done (requirements also seen in typical Sabbaths and other feast celebrations).

For all of these offerings noted we don’t have the specifics here in Leviticus. But, if we go to Numbers 29:12-38 there we will find the extraordinary amount of sacrifices and offerings that took place during these eight days (yes, I purposely included the 8th day holy convocation because it was noted in the above verses).  It was an astronomical amount! 199 animals altogether would be used for the special celebration portion of this week, including those for the 8th day of holy convocation, “every thing upon his day.”

Here’s what that looked like:

  • Day 1 included 30 animals (13 bullocks, 2 rams, 14 lambs, 1 goat – Numbers 29:13-16).
  • Day 2 included 29 animals (12 bullocks, 2 rams, 14 lambs, 1 goat – Numbers 29:17-19).
  • Day 3 included 28 animals (11 bullocks, 2 rams, 14 lambs, 1 goat – Numbers 29:20-22).
  • Day 4 included 27 animals (10 bullocks, 2 rams, 14 lambs, 1 goat – Numbers 29:23-25).
  • Day 5 included 26 animals (9 bullocks, 2 rams, 14 lambs, 1 goat – Numbers 29:26-28).
  • Day 6 included 25 animals (8 bullocks, 2 rams, 14 lambs, 1 goat – Numbers 29:29-30).
  • Day 7 included 24 animals (7 bullocks, 2 rams, 14 lambs, 1 goat – Numbers 29:32-34).
  • Day 8, the day of “holy convocation,” 10 animals were used (1 bullock, 1 ram, 7 lambs, 1 goat – Numbers 29:35-38).

For each offering there was also to be meat/cereal offerings and drink offerings “for the bullocks, for the rams, and for the lambs, shall be according to their number, after the manner,” (see Numbers 29:18, 21, 24, 27, 30, 33, 37; for more specifics on these meat/cereal offerings see Numbers 29:14-15). In addition to these, we notice that with every day there was also 1 goat offered for a “sin offering; beside the continual burn offering, his meat offering, and his drink offering,” (see Numbers 29:16, 19, 22, 25, 28, 31, 34, 38).

These were the required offerings: “These things ye shall do unto the LORD in your set feasts, beside your vows, and your freewill offerings, for your burnt offerings, and for your meat offerings, and for your drink offerings, and for your peace offerings,” (Numbers 29:39).

“And Moses told the children of Israel according to all that the LORD commanded Moses,” (Numbers 29:40).

Apart from the required offerings for the feasts, the people were still expected to bring their regular “Sabbath” offerings, their regular “gifts,” their regular “vows,” and their regular “freewill offerings, which ye give unto the LORD.”

Leviticus 23:39-43

39) “Also in the fifteenth day of the seventh month, when ye have gathered in the fruit of the land, ye shall keep a feast unto the LORD seven days: on the first day shall be a Sabbath, and on the eighth day shall be a Sabbath.

40) And ye shall take you on the first day the boughs of goodly trees, branches of palm trees, and willows of the brook; and ye shall rejoice before the LORD your God seven days.

41) And ye shall keep it a feast unto the LORD seven days in the year. It shall be a statute for ever in your generations: ye shall celebrate it in the seventh month.

42) Ye shall dwell in booths seven days; all that are Israelites born shall dwell in booths:

43) That your generations may know that I made the children of Israel to dwell in booths, when I brought them out of the land of Egypt: I am the LORD your God.”

After all the tireless specifics of the offerings for this eight day occasion are given, now it’s time to enter the rejoicing zone of this celebration; it’s time for the people to partake of and remember God’s bounty and His protection and keeping power during their journey.

The people are also commanded during that time to “feast unto the LORD seven days.” Can one even begin to imagine the atmosphere of that week?  Five days before they were fasting and atoning for sin during Yom Kippur (The Day of Atonement).  After that was over, the immediate construction of these sukkot (booths/tabernacles) were under way preparing to be ready for the beginning of this feast.  Now, with the order of the offerings in place, the people eat and celebrate.

But please, let us remember why they celebrate these feasts. They are “unto the LORD.” Everything is geared around remembering Him; it’s all about honoring God and observing what He has done in the lives of His people.

As Christians, we don’t celebrate Sukkot/The Feast of Tabernacles (Booths), but what are some holidays we set aside and remember what God has done for us? Personally, when we look back over our lives, as they say, and see where He brought us from, we can readily testify to the fact that it was all because of Him we made it to this point in our lives.  We may not have a physical sukkot on our rooftops or in our streets, but we have a spot of remembrance in our hearts that continually points heavenward, knowing that our everything comes from God.

As for the people of Israel, they were to take “on the first day boughs of goodly trees, branches of palm trees, and the boughs of thick trees, and willows of the brook.” These branches would be used in the covering and construction of their booths/tabernacles that they would “dwell in” for those “seven days” of the feast.  Like other celebrations noted in previous lessons, this was and is a big deal for God’s people.  They have entered a season of rejoicing and again, it’s all because of what God has done.  It is a season of thanksgiving for God has provided.

“It shall be a statute for ever in your generations: ye shall celebrate it in the seventh month.” Every one within the city would participate in this joyous occasion. Even children would partake of and enjoy the events.  This, in effect, would help insure that “generations” would learn the importance of their history and how it was to be forever remembered amongst God’s people.

Deuteronomy 16 tells us in regard to the feast of tabernacles for seven days, “. . . after that thou hast gathered in thy corn and thy wine: And thou shalt rejoice in thy feast, and thy son, and thy daughter, and thy manservant, and thy maidservant, and the Levite, the stranger, and the fatherless, and the widow, that are within thy gates.  Seven days shalt thou keep a solemn feast unto the LORD thy God  . . . because the LORD thy God shall bless thee in all thine increase, and in all the works of thine hands, therefore thou shalt surely rejoice,” (16:13-15; emphasis mine).  From the temple to the streets, from the families to the priests, everyone was included in this celebration.

For seven days they offered these special offerings. For seven days they remembered what God has done for them and where He brought them from.  Seven days they rejoiced in His bounty and increased blessings upon their lives.

Through their wilderness wanderings God’s hand was upon them and eventually brought them to their place of promise. Once they entered that place of promise would they forget that it wasn’t their own might and their own wisdom and ingenuity that brought them there? Would they remember God is the one who lead them and held them during the process?

Conclusion:

God ordained this special time of remembrance and celebration during this time of harvest. The Feast of Tabernacles (Booths) shows that an important part of worship is commemorating what God has done for His people.

As I already stated, as Christians we do not celebrate The Feast of Tabernacles. But, can we make it up in our minds to purposely reflect; to look back over our own lives and see His providence at work; to see His protection and blessings over our lives and history?  And, when we do look back, are we thankful for all He has supplied in the natural?  What about the spiritual?

Through Christ we have been given everything. He was our Passover lamb.  We saw Him in the Feast of Weeks and the celebration of Pentecost.  We easily recognized him as our permanent atonement sacrifice.  What of this feast?

If one would carefully read through John 7 they will see that Jesus not only celebrated and kept The Feast of the Tabernacles, but He made some strong declarations of hope during that time as well. John records that “In the last day, that great day of the feast, Jesus stood and cried, saying, If any man thirst, let him come unto me, and drink.  He that believeth on me, as the scripture hath said, out of his belly shall flow rivers of living water. (But this spake he of the Spirit, which they that believe on him should receive: for the Holy Ghost was not yet given; because that Jesus was not yet glorified,” (John 7:37-39).  Therein, we see Him as the Giver of everything that can spiritually satisfy us and bring us to into eternal life.

In this feast there are also Messianic tones found in Zechariah 14 which proclaim what will occur even further in the future at the reign of Christ, the Messiah: “And it shall come to pass, that every one that is left of all the nations which came against Jerusalem shall even go up from year to year to worship the King, the LORD of hosts, and to keep the feast of tabernacles,” (vs. 16); reaping an even greater harvest, a harvest of souls.

Won’t you remember all that He did then, for all that we have now, and for all that we hope for in the future?

It’s worth remembering!

(Click here for PDF: The Feast of Tabernacles (Booths) Sunday School Lesson, or click print button below. Enjoy!)

Below are activities to support this week’s lesson.  Enjoy!

Word Search: The Feast of Tabernacles (Booths) Word Search  Answers: The Feast of Tabernacles (Booths) Word Search Answers

Crossword: The Feast of Tabernacles (Booths) Crossword  Answers: The Feast of Tabernacles (Booths) Crossword Answers

Word Scramble: The Feast of Tabernacles (Booths) Word Scramble  Answers: The Feast of Tabernacles (Booths) Word Scramble Answers

Draw the Scene: The Feast of Tabernacles (Booths) Draw the Scene

The Feast of Tabernacles (Booths) Draw the Scene-001

How Many Words?: The Feast of Tabernacles (Booths) How Many Words

The Feast of Tabernacles (Booths) How Many Words-001

Memory Verse: The Feast of Tabernacles (Booths) Memory Verse

The Feast of Tabernacles (Booths) Memory Verse-001

Below are Activities/Resources/Links to support this week’s lesson.  Enjoy!

“Make an Edible Kosher Sukkah” from Bible Belt Balabusta (pictures used by permission) – (Here you will find directions for making a snack and a craft all in one.  An edible booth, graham crackers anyone?)

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Click on the picture below for Bible Belt Balabusta (used by permission) even more detail for her Instant Edible Sukkah.

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Photo Credit: Bible Belt Balabusta

“Sukkot Free Jewish Coloring Pages for Kids” from Familyholiday.net

“Israel’s Thanksgiving Feast” from Ministry to Children

“Coloring Page Sukkot”

“Coloring Page”

During Christmas  and Easter we remember God’s gift to us in Jesus Christ.  During Thanksgiving we remember to be thankful for everything (with a lot of similarities with harvest and bounty and thankfulness as today’s lesson).  Sharing Thanksgiving projects with your class will remind your class to be thankful for God’s blessings.

“I am thankful for … Turkey Pine Cone Crafts”

“Turkey Plastic Glove Craft/with Treats”

“Thankful For . . . Printable Placemats”

“I am thankful for . . . Activity Sheet”

“Teaching Your Kids to be Thankful”

“Be Thankful”

Pictures and Videos of what The Feast of Tabernacles (Booths/Sukkot) may have looked like and explained:

“Sukkot Images”

“Kids Explain Sukkot”

“Build Your Booth and Dwell In It”

“What it may have looked like when they were dwelling in the wilderness in booths”

To expand your knowledge of The Feast of Tabernacles below are some great links:

“Sukkot Explained for Kids” from NSW Board of Jewish Education

“Festival of Tabernacles” from Chabad.org

“The Feast of Tabernacles” from Heartofwisdom.com

 

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