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“The Forerunner of the Savior”
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Please Note: All lesson verses and titles are based on International Sunday School Lesson/Uniform Series ©2013 by the Lesson Committee, but all content/commentary written within is original tounless properly quoted/cited. As always you are encouraged to do your own studies as well. Blessings!)
Rewind. Before Gabriel spoke to Mary he appeared to another in relation to the future Messiah. He came to a man by the name of Zacharias and foretold of the child he would father who would be the forerunner of the Christ (see Mark 1:2-3).
A forerunner is exactly as the word reads. It is one who goes before another. Not necessarily in status, but as seen here and in other areas of the Bible as a preparer. For example, imagine the President or any head of country coming to an area to visit. Before their arrival another would have been sent ahead to announce and make the proper preparations before they get there. Such was it in ancient times when kings came into town. And, so is the ministry of John the Baptist, the child whom Gabriel speaks of in today’s lesson as a promise to Zacharias, when the King of all kings makes His arrival on this earth.
Zacharias’s Duty: A Once in a Lifetime Opportunity
Luke 1:8-10 “And it came to pass, that while he executed the priest’s office before God in the order of his course, According to the custom of the priest’s office, his lot was to burn incense when he went into the temple of the Lord. And the whole multitude of the people were praying without at the time of incense.”
Righteous before God. Walking in the commandments. Blameless. These are some of the noteworthy characteristics of Zacharias and Elisabeth his wife (see Luke 1:5-6).
Although he was a faithful priest in the eyes of the Lord and his wife modeled the same holy qualities, they had no child. Being well-advanced in years, their time for this possibility seemed to be over until God steps in and shakes up their way of thinking and reorders their life with a great promise.
The number of priests available to serve in those days was large. Some estimates put them in the tens of thousands. With that, 1 Chronicles 24:1-9 lays out the divisions of the priests. There were 24 in all and from these divisions duties that were to be performed in the temple were selected by “lot.” Using the term “lot” it describes the system of selection that depended on God to choose who will do what and when they will do it by the drawing or casting of lots.
On this particular day Zacharias had the privilege to experience a once in a lifetime opportunity. “According to the custom of the priest’s office” (see 2 Chronicles 8:14), as the lots were cast for the duty of burning incense (see 1 Chronicles 23:13; 2 Chronicles 29:11), Zacharias’s name was chosen to perform this job “in the temple of the Lord.”
This was a highly desired position and considered a great honor. Before the morning sacrifice and after the evening sacrifice were offered the chosen priest would burn incense before the altar symbolizing the prayers of the people who were positioned outside of the temple (“praying without”), during this time.
The Angel Encounter: The Promise
Luke 1:11-14 “And there appeared unto him an angel of the Lord standing on the right side of the altar of incense. And when Zacharias saw him, he was troubled, and fear fell upon him. But the angel said unto him, Fear not, Zacharias: for thy prayer is heard; and thy wife Elisabeth shall bear thee a son, and thou shalt call his name John. And thou shalt have joy and gladness; and many shall rejoice at his birth.”
Above all else, we believe God to be sovereign. We believe Him to be in charge of time and circumstance. And, although Zacharias is considered old at this time, we believe God held his name in remembrance to appear on the scene and receive the promise of the forerunner of Christ at this chosen time in history.
While reverently going about his duties which, as already noted, had to be performed twice a day (see Exodus 30:7-8), “there appeared unto him an angel of the Lord.” Imagine, if you will, being in that holy atmosphere where one might not hear anything but the burning of coals and the shuffling of his own feet; an atmosphere where everything is sacred and yet, God chose you to come before Him in the temple to perform this holy calling.
With the aromas of spices filling the area, off to the right side of the altar, beyond the ascending fragrant cloud, Zacharias sees “an angel of the Lord.” Some theatrical depictions have Zacharias just hearing the angel, but the Bible says he “saw him.”
And when he “saw him, he was troubled, and fear fell upon him.” As noted in previous lessons, any time an angel appeared directly to an individual it was often unsettling and troubling (see 1 Chronicles 21:30; Matthew 28:2-4). God does not do anything frivolously, especially in regard to having a heavenly host appear to mankind. This was an occasion to take seriously. Not knowing at that time the exact reason for the visit, “fear fell upon him.”
“But the angel said unto him, Fear not, Zacharias.” Zacharias’s reaction wasn’t necessary and the angel sought to ease the millions of horrific thoughts that may be running through his mind. God’s dispatched angel came with a message of promise, not of peril; therefore, he spoke, “Fear not;” the same comforting words he gave to Mary in Luke 1:30.
“For thy prayer is heard.” Zacharias was a righteous man and he was a praying man and according to God’s holy word, “The eyes of the LORD are upon the righteous, and his ears are open unto their cry, “(Psalm 34:15; see also 1 Peter 3:12). Knowing the heartbreak and shame of being childless; I don’t know how many years Zacharias prayed, but in His perfect, pre-ordained time, God let him know He “heard.”
In a previous article titled Know That God Hears, I wrote:
“Our deepest heart’s desires do not fall on deaf ears. God is not playing cat and mouse with us. He wants us to seek Him that He may be found: “Seek the LORD while He may be found, call upon Him while He is near,” (Isaiah 55:6, NKJV). Then, He can respond!” (Word For Life Says)
And, respond He did. The angel told Zacharias of what would be. He said, “Thy wife Elisabeth shall bear thee a son, and thou shalt call his name John.” A woman, whom like her husband is “well-stricken in years,” (Luke 1:7) will finally, not only have a child and know the joy of motherhood, but she will “bear thee a son.”
Just think, after all those years of let downs. After feelings of disgrace have surely washed over them and it seemed all hope is gone – God favored them. They would know what it is like; they will experience their very own fulfilled promise in the form of a son name “John.”
His birth would not only bring “joy and gladness” to the parents whose hearts longed to hear a babe crying in their home; and to hold and coddle their own flesh and blood – but, “many shall rejoice at his birth.”
As time goes by and Elisabeth does give birth, we see in Luke 1:58, “her neighbours and her cousins heard how the Lord had shewed great mercy upon her; and they rejoiced with her,” (emphasis mine). I believe the angel’s words were meant to have a much farther reach of impact in the lives of the people who will respond to his call of repentance, and eventually be led to Christ.
Luke 1:15 “For he shall be great in the sight of the Lord, and shall drink neither wine nor strong drink; and he shall be filled with the Holy Ghost, even from his mother’s womb.”
“For he shall be great in the sight of the Lord.” When Jesus came on the scene, during His years of ministry, He testified of John and said, “For I say unto you, Among those that are born of women there is not a greater prophet than John the Baptist,” (Luke 7:28; see also Matthew 11:11). Jesus’ ministry obviously is superior in depth and importance than that of John the Baptist’s (read John 1:29-34 for John’s own testimony of the Lamb of God’s ministry; He [Jesus] that is preferred before him [John the Baptist]).
Nevertheless, because of his position and unique ministry as the forerunner of the Savior, John the Baptist stands out and is extraordinary among the name of the prophets. From the time of the womb, he would bare witness of the Christ (see Luke 1:41; John 1:15, 29-34).
“And he shall drink neither wine nor strong drink.” This is reminiscent of the instructions we see given to Samson’s parents when an angel appeared to them. The withholding of oneself from “strong drink” as well as other strict requirements, was in keeping with what is known as a Nazarite vow (compare Judges 13:4-5). This devoted life would be a sign of the holy and set apart nature of the individual; that God was doing something special in his life.
“And he shall be filled with the Holy Ghost, even from his mother’s womb.” If we were to take a step back and review last week’s lesson we would see the fulfillment of this portion of this verse (see Luke 1:41). John the Baptist would be heavenly empowered and enabled from the womb to fulfill the role as the forerunner of the Savior. Anything done for God must be Spirit-powered. Many today try to operate in their own power but fall short of producing godly fruit for the Kingdom. John’s life and mission would be infused with “Holy Ghost” power!
Taking a page from history, E.M. Bounds is quoted as saying, “What the Church needs to-day is not more machinery or better, not new organizations or more and novel methods, but men whom the Holy Ghost can use – men of prayer, men mighty in prayer. The Holy Ghost does not flow through methods, but through men. He does not come on machinery, but on men. He does not anoint plans, but men, men of prayer.” (Quote Source: OChristian.com).
And, John’s life personified a “Holy Ghost” filled man.
Luke 1:16-17 “And many of the children of Israel shall he turn to the Lord their God. And he shall go before him in the spirit and power of Elias, to turn the hearts of the fathers to the children, and the disobedient to the wisdom of the just; to make ready a people prepared for the Lord.”
“Many of the children of Israel shall he turn to the Lord their God.” When John the Baptist came into his ministry, he is seen “preaching in the wilderness of Judaea, And saying, Repent ye: for the kingdom of heaven is at hand,” (Matthew 3:1-2). People from all over the area came: “Jerusalem, and all Judaea, and all the region round about Jordan, And were baptized of him in Jordan, confessing their sins,” (Matthew 3:5-6). He was working to turn hearts back “to the Lord their God.” He was winning souls to the Kingdom, fulfilling this prophecy over his life.
John’s style of clothing (camel’s hair garments) and eating choices (locusts and wild honey) did not detract from the impact he made on those who came out to see and hear him. The love for people, the Kingdom, and the ingrained ministry in him compelled him to reach out and help those who were seeking “the Lord their God.”
“And he shall go before him in the spirit and power of Elias.” This is where that forerunner role really comes into play. In the Old Testament it was prophesied, “Behold, I will send my messenger, and he shall prepare the way before me . . .” (Malachi 3:1). When we study the New Testament, particularly the sayings of Jesus on the subject, we see that John was in fact he that came “in the spirit and power of Elias [Elijah],” (read Matthew 17:11-13 for further clarification).
“To turn the hearts of the fathers to the children.” In correlation with this prophecy of John the Baptist being compared to Elijah, here too we see another O.T. promise being fulfilled through his life and ministry. With almost exact wording, Malachi 4:5-6 talks about Elijah coming again with a focus on restoring familial relationships. The very fabric that makes up the strength of the home is relationships; those connections would have “hearts” renewed in love and peace for one another again.
Some Bible students also refer this reconciliation of familial ties to the patriarchs: Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob in regard to their wayward children: the children of Israel.
Regardless of how one views it, his ministry softens “hearts” that will be ready to receive the healing that the Christ will offer.
When John the Baptist does arrive on the scene to do the work of the Lord, the people would have been 400 years without hearing the voice of a true prophet of God. The above quotation from Malachi 4:5-6 were among the last words spoken by a prophet in the Old Testament.
“And the disobedient to the wisdom of the just; to make ready a people prepared for the Lord.” The ministry of John the Baptist would change hearts and minds from unjust behavior to “just” behaviors; leading people to look for the greater gift of salvation which is found in Jesus Christ. As the forerunner of the Savior he was making “ready a people prepared.” John the Baptist can be seen as the opening act, while Jesus Christ, without a doubt, is the main event.
Luke 1:18-20 “And Zacharias said unto the angel, Whereby shall I know this? for I am an old man, and my wife well stricken in years. And the angel answering said unto him, I am Gabriel, that stand in the presence of God; and am sent to speak unto thee, and to shew thee these glad tidings. And, behold, thou shalt be dumb, and not able to speak, until the day that these things shall be performed, because thou believest not my words, which shall be fulfilled in their season.”
“Whereby shall I know this? for I am an old man, and my wife well stricken in years.” Surprised at the announcement. Overwhelmed at the possibility. Over-thinking the proposed miracle. All this and more led Zacharias down a path of doubt.
Here, Zacharias’s prayer was heard, and God sent a messenger to declare he’s getting what he prayed for. But, the faith that caused him to ask in prayer was missing at the declaration of the miracle. Rather than respond with rejoicing, he responded with questioning.
He looked with human eyes at human conditions and made up his mind for God, that it just wasn’t possible. Let us be reminded of this great biblical truth: “But without faith it is impossible to please him: for he that cometh to God must believe that he is, and that he is a rewarder of them that diligently seek him,” (Hebrews 11:6; emphasis mine).
Zacharias was a “diligent” seeker of the Lord (as noted earlier in this lesson). God was ready to reward him, but he just can’t see it with his natural eyes the miracle ahead. Therefore, he asks, “Whereby shall I know this?”
What God speaks always comes to pass, so the angel, who is revealed as the same “Gabriel” who speaks with Mary – his response below is just.
“I am Gabriel, that stand in the presence of God; and am sent to speak unto thee, and to shew thee these glad tidings.” Coming as a holy messenger of God, what “Gabriel” brought was good news! As if it isn’t awesome enough to see an angel, period – this one brought a promise with him. Most would think this is convincing enough, but for Zacharias, he met the miracle with misgivings about his situation and wanted something more: “Whereby shall I know this?”
Thus, the angel Gabriel said, “Thou shalt be dumb, and not able to speak, until the day that these things shall be performed.” If we fast forward to the birth of John, particularly the eighth day when it was time for him to be circumcised according to custom, which would also be the same time when he officially gets his name, we see Zacharias wrote the babe’s name “John” on a tablet. And when he did so, “his mouth was opened immediately, and his tongue loosed, and he spake, and praised God,” (Luke 1:59-64). Until that day he was “not able to speak” according to Gabriel’s words because he “believest not.”
What God promises, He is able to perform (Romans 4:21). Believe Him.
Standard Print PDF: The Forerunner of the Savior Sunday School Standard Print
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Below are activities to support this week’s lesson. Enjoy!
Word Scramble: The Forerunner of the Savior Word Scramble Answers: The Forerunner of the Savior Word Scramble Answers
Memory Verse: The Forerunner of the Savior Memory Verse
How Many Words?: The Forerunner of the Savior How Many Words
Below are Links/Activities/Resources to support this week’s lesson. Enjoy!